In questa mappa la nazionalità di leader e personaggi pubblici implicati nello ‘scandalo’ Panama Papers:
Come noterete, nessuno, casualmente, da Stati Uniti e Germania. Questo alza diversi dubbi sulla natura di questo ‘scandalo’. Così come l’ampio risalto dato a Putin, che pure non risulta direttamente implicato, a differenza di David Cameron e altri leader politici.
Acting country leaders
- President of Argentina Mauricio Macri
- Prime Minister of Iceland Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson
- King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
- President of the United Arab Emirates Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan
- President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko
Former country leaders
- Prime Minister of Georgia Bidzina Ivanishvili
- Prime Minister of Iraq Ayad Allawi
- Father Emir of Qatar Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
- President of Sudan Ahmed al-Mirghani
- Prime Minister of Ukraine Pavlo Lazarenko
Other politicians and politically exposed persons
- Children of Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif
- Emmanuel Ndahiro, Brigadier General and former chief of the Rwandan intelligence agency
- Saudi Arabia
- Muhammad bin Nayef, Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia
- Mamadou Pouye, friend of Senegalese politician Karim Wade
- South Africa
- Clive Khulubuse Zuma, nephew of the President of South Africa, Jacob Zuma
- Infanta Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz, elder sister of the former King of Spain Juan Carlos I
- Micaela Domecq Solís-Beaumont, wife of Miguel Arias Cañete, former EU Commissioner for Energy and Climate Action and Spanish Agriculture minister
- United Kingdom
- Michael Ashcroft, member of the House of Lords and businessman
- Ian Cameron, father of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom David Cameron
- Michael Mates, former Member of Parliament
- Pamela Sharples, Baroness Sharples, member of the House of Lords
- Jesús Villanueva, former director of PDVSA
- Victor Cruz Weffer, former commander-in-chief of the Venezuelan Army
- Attan Shansonga, former Ambassador of Zambia to the United States
Named individuals connected with the world governing body of association football, FIFA, include:
- Michel Platini, former President of UEFA
- Jerome Valcke, former FIFA executive
- Hugo and Mariano Jinkis, Argentinean businessmen who were also implicated in the 2015 FIFA corruption case
- Juan Pedro Damiani, FIFA ethics committee member
- Eugenio Figueredo, former FIFA Vice-President and ethics committee member
The Full List
The ICIJ will release the full list of companies and people in the Panama Paper files in early May
President of Argentina
Macri — who as president has vowed to fight corruption — is listed, with his Italian tycoon father Francisco and brother Mariano, as a director of Fleg Trading Ltd., incorporated in the Bahamas in 1998 and dissolved in January 2009 — a financial connection Macri didn’t disclose on asset declarations when he was mayor of Buenos Aires. His spokesman said didn’t list Fleg Trading Ltd. as an asset because he had no capital participation in the company. The company, used to participate in interests in Brazil, was related to the family business group. “This is why Maricio Macri was occasionally its director,” he said, reiterating that Macri was not a shareholder.
Former Iraqi PM
A wealthy Iraqi exile who helped lead the push for war with Saddam Hussein, Allawi returned to Iraq to serve as prime minister in 2004. He also served as vice president s recently as last year. From 1985 to 2013, Mossack Fonseca helped run his Panama-registered company I.M.F. Holdings Inc. I.M.F. owned a house in Kingston upon Thames, England worth roughly $1.5 million, and another offshore company of his, Moonlight Estates Ltd., held a property in London. Representatives for Allawi confirmed that he “is the sole director and shareholder of Foxwood Estates Limited, Moonlight Estates Limited and IMF Holdings Inc.,” adding that he ran many of his house purchases through anonymous offshores “in light of an assassination attempt on him.” Indeed, he survived an attempt on his life in 1978, presumably by Saddam Hussein.
SIGMUNDUR DAVID GUNNLAUGSSON
PM of Iceland
A radio personality who led the Progressive Party to victory after the financial crisis of 2008, Gunnlaugsson and his wealthy wife owned a British Virgin Islands shell company called Wintris Inc., that held nearly $4 million in bonds in Iceland’s three major banks. He failed to declare his ownership of Wintris on entering the Parliament in 2009. In March, a TV interviewer asked Gunnlaugsson if he had ever owned an offshore company. “Myself? No,” he said, adding: “Well, the Icelandic companies I have worked with had connections with offshore companies.” A spokesman told the ICIJ that Gunnlaugsson and his family had followed all Icelandic laws.
KING SALMAN BIN ABDULAZIZ BIN ABDULRAHMAN AL SAUD
King of Saudi Arabia
Through a series of British Virgin Islands shell companies, the Saudi king appears to have taken out several luxury mortgages for houses in London — at least $34 million worth — and held “a luxury yacht the length of a football field.” The king did not answer the ICIJ’s requests for comment.
President of Ukraine
Known as Ukraine’s billionaire “chocoloate king,” Poroshenko swept into office in 2014 vowing reforms that have not yet come. He became the sole shareholder of Prime Asset Partners Limited in 2014, as Russian troops invaded Eastern Ukraine. The following year, Poroshenko vowed to sell most of his assets; news reports said they ultimately ended up in “Prime Asset Capital.” His spokesman told the ICIJ said that “creation of the trust and related corporate structures had no relation to political and military events in Ukraine,” adding that his assets held by an independently managed fund — Prime Asset Capital.
RAMI AND HAFEZ MAKHLOUF
Cousins of Syrian dictator Bashar al-Assad
“For years, any foreign company seeking to do business in Syria had to be cleared by Rami, who controlled key economic sectors such as oil and telecommunications. Hafez, a general in charge of Syria’s intelligence and security apparatus, has been suspected of helping his older brother intimidate business rivals.” The cousins have been subjected to international financial sanctions and appear to have used multiple offshore accounts to siphon wealth from Syrian industry and avoid freezes on their assets. In early 2011, emails show employees at Mossack Fonseca discussing U.S. sanctions and allegations of bribery and corruption made against members of the Makhlouf family. By that June, Mossack had cut its ties with the Makhloufs.
Son of ex-U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan
Then only son of former U.N. head Kofi Annan courted controversy in 1998, when a firm of his won a big contract under the U.N.’s Oil-for-Food humanitarian program in Iraq. An inquiry eventually cleared father and son of any corruption in the deal. Internal Mossack Fonseca documents show Koji Annan has held several offshore shell companies, using one to purchase a half-million-dollar apartment in central London. A spokesman for Annan said his business was for “normal, legal purposes of managing family and business matters and has been fully disclosed in accordance with applicable laws.”
FAMILY OF NAWAZ SHARIF
PM of Pakistan
For years, Sharif, a longtime presence in Pakistani politics, has had to answer questions about his family’s “riches from a network of businesses that include steel, sugar and paper mills and extensive international property holdings,” ICIJ says. Mossacks’ documents show a series of offshore companies operated by Sharif’s children, Mariam, Hussein and Hasan, including one to hold “a UK property each for use by the family” and others that moved million in assets. Mossack Fonseca resigned from a company Hasan directed in 2007, calling him “a politically exposed person.” The Sharif family did not respond to the ICIJ’s requests for comment.
ARKADY AND BORIS ROTENBERG
Lifelong friends of Russian President Vladimir Putin
The billionaire brothers grew up with Putin and have benefited richly from his turns as Russia’s president and prime minister. The U.S. has sanctioned their wealth over alleged corruption, particularly allegations they profited over contracts from the 2014 Sochi Olympics. They ran at least seven British Virgin Islands shell companies “involved in everything from investing in a major pipeline construction company… to buying equipment for the construction of an Italian villa in Tuscany for Arkady’s son.”
Close persona friend of Putin
Widely known as one of the world’s better cellists, Roldugin has been close to Putin since the 1970s, when the future president worked in the Soviet KGB. Documents show Roldugin owned three shell companies, two of which were funded by a Russian organ that the U.S. government calls “Russia’s ‘personal bank for senior officials.’” Through those companies, Roldugin appears to hold significant shares of Kamaz, Russia’s largest truckmaker, and a major state media corporation.
Father of David Cameron
The father of Great Britain’s current Conservative Prime Minister died in 2010, having amassed a fortune in smart investments. According to the documents, “Cameron helped create and develop Blairmore Holdings Inc. in Panama in 1982 and was involved in the investment fund until his 2010 death.” Blairmore was valued at $20 million in 1998 and was promoted to investors in brochures as “not liable to taxation on its income or capital gains.” The promotional literature added that Cameron’s fund “will not be subject to United Kingdom corporation tax or income tax on its profits.”
Una gigantesca massa di denaro dirottata da studi legali internazionali e banche verso paradisi fiscali per conto di criminali, leader politici e funzionari d’intelligence.
Questi nuovi documenti, sinora segreti e fatti trapelare da una fonte anonima, sono stati analizzati per oltre un anno da 170 giornalisti di oltre 100 gruppi media, attraverso il network del giornalismo d’inchiesta International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ). Si tratta di una raccolta di 11,5 milioni di pagine e 2,6 terabytes di dati trapelati dallo studio legale Mossack Fonseca, con base a Panama, che mostrano come centinaia di migliaia di persone con denaro da nascondere avrebbero usato società di comodo anonime in tutto il mondo.
Fra i beneficiari di questi schemi ci sarebbero familiari del leader comunista cinese Xi Jinping, del presidente ucraino Poroshenko, del re saudita, dei premier di Islanda, Regno Unito e Pakistan. E anche individui definiti ‘vicini’ a Putin.
La scoperta dell’acqua calda. Soprattutto dalla Cina, si muovono masse enormi di tangenti, che l’apparato del partito comunista esporta all’estero. Riguardo Putin, una cosa sono i ‘familiari’, altra cosa ‘personaggi vicini’, sembra più un modo forzato per includerlo in un gruppo a cui non appartiene.
In Italia implicati Montezemolo, UBI banca e Unicredit. Nelle carte anche i proprietari (alcuni ex, alcuni attuali) di 20 società di calcio, tra cui l’Inter (Tohir) e il Boca Juniors. Difficile dire se direttamente le società o solo i proprietari al momento.
E poi c’è Lionel Messi, che già in passato è stato nel mirino del Fisco spagnolo: il Pallone d’Oro si sarebbe rivolto allo studio Mossack Fonseca per creare una società che si chiama Mega Star Enterprises Inc. Secondo quanto riporta la Süddeutsche Zeitung “il 13 giugno 2013, Lionel e suo padre Jorge Horacio, utilizzarono un ufficio uruguaiano per costituire una società panamense con la quale avrebbero continuato a fatturare i diritti d’immagine eludendo l’Agenzia Tributaria”.